deutschland class battleship

Deutschland was initially fitted with 3.70 m (12 ft 2 in) diameter screws, before they were replaced with the larger screws. The bow and stern were unarmored at the waterline. [28] Schlesien was made the flagship of the battleship squadron in January 1933. The 1926 maneuvers informed the design staff that greater speed was desirable, and that year, a further two designs were submitted to Zenker. [4] The Deutschland-class ships' hulls were built with transverse and longitudinal steel frames. Deutschland German battleship class, built 1903-08. The Treaty of Versailles permitted Germany to retain several old battleships for coastal defense, including the four Deutschland-class ships. After the battle, the four surviving ships were removed from the front-line fleet and employed in secondary tasks. [50] Admiral Graf Spee was eventually confronted by three British cruisers off Uruguay at the Battle of the River Plate on 13 December 1939. All three vessels served on non-intervention patrols during the Spanish Civil War. [5], The Reichsmarine's oldest battleship, Preussen, was laid down in 1902 and could therefore be replaced legally in 1922. [3] Deutschland replaced Kaiser Wilhelm II as the flagship of the fleet. Five were emplaced in the top deck and two one deck higher in the superstructure on either side. [7], The secondary battery consisted of fourteen 17 cm (6.7 in) guns mounted in casemates amidships. The threat of war forced the cruise to be cut short, and all of the ships were back in German ports by the end of the month. Media in category "Deutschland class battleship" The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total. Pommern was forced briefly to haul out of line. Please replace links to Wikipedia in this article with links to this wiki. With the commissioning of the Deutschland class, the fleet had enough battleships to form two full battle squadrons; the fleet was then reorganized into the High Seas Fleet, which saw combat during World War I. She next saw action at the Battle of the Barents Sea with the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper, which ended with a failure to destroy the convoy JW 51B. This battleship / Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class “Panzerschiff”, nicknamed a “pocket battleship” by the British. Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee had 17 mm (0.67 in) main decks and armored decks that ranged in thickness from 17–45 mm. On Admiral Graf Spee, it was extended one deck higher. [33], Schleswig-Holstein and Schlesien then participated in the occupation of Denmark and invasion of Norway, respectively, in April 1940. Engine problems forced a series of repairs culminating in a complete overhaul at the end of 1943, after which the ship remained in the Baltic. There were ideas to rebuilt her as a target ship especially for aircraft, although this never occurred. [4], The ships were designed to carry 700 metric tons (690 long tons; 770 short tons) of coal, though additional spaces could be utilized as fuel storage, which increased fuel capacity to 1,540 metric tons (1,520 long tons; 1,700 short tons). The ships' full load displacements were significantly higher, at 14,290 long tons (14,520 t) for Deutschland, 13,660 long tons (13,880 t) for Admiral Scheer, and 16,020 long tons (16,280 t) for Admiral Graf Spee. [22], By the end of 1916, the four remaining ships were withdrawn from service with the fleet. Horsepower figures for Admiral Graf Spee are not recorded, though her top speed on trials was 29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph). Ordered by the Weimar government for the Reichsmarine , she was laid down at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel in February 1929 and completed by April 1933. [5] This ship was boilered as in Braunschweig, with eight marine-type boilers and six cylindrical boilers. [13] Each set was controlled by transmissions built by AG Vulcan. The ship was partially broken up in situ, though part of the ship remains visible above the surface of the water. [11] She was launched on 2 December 1905 and commissioned into the fleet on 1 October 1907. Despite their obsolescence, all five of these ships were present at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May – 1 June 1916. [8], The ships were armed with twenty-two 8.8 cm (3.5 in) quick-firing guns in single mounts, which were manually operated. All five ships had an armored deck that was 40 mm (1.6 in) thick. Only do this if these links relate to the wiki subject. The five Deutschland-class battleships were the last pre-dreadnoughts built by the German Navy. Their flight deck would have been only 10 meters (33 ft) shorter than that of the Hipper-class heavy cruiser Seydlitz, which had been prepared for conversion in 1942, and they would still have attained 28 knots. Admiral Scheer carried 2,410 t (2,370 long tons) and had a correspondingly shorter range of 9,100 nmi (16,900 km; 10,500 mi) at 20 kn. KMS Deutschland (later becoming the KMS Lutzow) was the lead ship of her class first ordered in 1928 and serving in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War 2. This primarily included acting as a support force for the battlecruisers that bombarded the English coast in the hopes of luring out a portion of the British fleet. [27], After Hitler had given the order in late January 1943 for the two remaining ships to be scrapped, the possibility of instead converting them into aircraft carriers was discussed. Admiral Scheer conducted Operation Wunderland in August 1942, a sortie into the Kara Sea to attack Soviet merchant shipping, though it ended without significant success. [16] Deutschland's underwater protection consisted of a 45 mm (1.8 in) thick torpedo bulkhead; Admiral Scheer's and Admiral Graf Spee's bulkheads were reduced to 40 mm (1.6 in). The SMS Deutschland belonged to the same ship class, which were built as the last unit type ships in the German imperial area. [8] The turrets were the Drh LC/28 type and allowed elevation to 40 degrees,[14] and depression to −8 degrees. [49], Admiral Graf Spee operated in concert with the supply ship Altmark. 1014–1015. Already at the beginning of the First World War, the ship was outdated, but survived this and was one of the few ships that were left after the surrender of the Weimar Republic. Admiral Scheer remained in port for periodic maintenance. While on the operation, she also made a brief foray into the Indian Ocean. Compromised ships for the Interim Navy. The engines were paired on two propeller shafts, which were attached to three-bladed screws that were 4.40 m (14 ft 5 in) in diameter. Following Germany's defeat in World War I, the size of the German Navy, renamed the Reichsmarine, was limited by the Treaty of Versailles. Her first homeport was Swinemünde but she was transferred to Kiel in 1922. Built by the Kriegsmarine, they were officially described as heavy cruisers of 10,000 tons in order to comply with the limitations imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. As a result, they were the last ships of that type built for the German Navy. [3], Schlesien transiting the Panama Canal in 1938, Following the German defeat in World War I, three of the Deutschland-class battleships were allowed to be retained in the German Navy, which was reorganized as the Reichsmarine: Hannover, Schleswig-Holstein and Schlesien, along with several of the Braunschweig-class battleships. [14] The guns were initially supplied with a total 630 rounds of ammunition, and this was later increased to 720 shells. Jump to: navigation, search. The barbettes, 100 mm thick in Deutschland, became 125 mm for the two sisters. The Deutschlands intervened and prevented the British battlecruisers under Admiral David Beatty from pursuing the German ships. "[10] In May 1928, the elections were concluded and enough of a majority in favor of the new ships was elected; this included twelve seats won by Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party. The Deutschland was a group of five pre-dreadnought battleships built for the German Kaiserliche Marine. Damaged at the Battle of Drøbak Sound, she was recalled to Germany for repairs. They were supplied with 140 shells each. She inflicted heavy damage on the British ships, but suffered damage as well, and was forced to put into port at Montevideo. [11] She was launched on 20 November 1904; once she left the stocks fitting out work commenced. The Reichsmarine offered to halt construction on the first ship in exchange for admittance to the Washington Treaty with a ratio of 125,000 long tons (127,000 t) to Britain's allotment of 525,000 long tons (533,000 t) of capital ship tonnage. [8], The secondary battery comprised eight 15 cm SK C/28 guns,[8] each in single MPLC/28 mountings arranged amidships. Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal, eds (1985). This plan was not pursued. By this time, only Schlesien and Schleswig-Holstein were still operating as warships; the four Braunschweig-class ships had been disposed of or converted into auxiliary ships. [22] After the completion of fitting out work, initial sea trials began in November 1932. In doing so, this would effectively abrogate the clauses in the Treaty of Versailles that limited Germany's naval power. They were supplied with a total of 800 rounds of ammunition, though later in their careers this was increased to 1,200 rounds. The Deutschland class were actually heavily armed cruisers, but due to their heavy armament, were also known as “pocket battleships.” The Deutschland class ships were initially classified as Panzerschiffe or "armored ships", but the Kriegsmarine reclassified them as heavy cruisers in February 1940. "[21], Deutschland was laid down at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel on 5 February 1929,[5] under the contract name Panzerschiff A, as a replacement for the old battleship Preussen. Admiral Graf Spee stored 2,500 t (2,500 long tons) of fuel, which enabled a range of 8,900 nmi (16,500 km; 10,200 mi). This would have put a prohibitive strain on the naval budget for the year. 1922. pp. [45][46], Admiral Graf Spee conducted extensive training in the Baltic and Atlantic before participating in five non-intervention patrols during the Spanish Civil War in 1936–1938. In Deutschland, the citadel armor was 160 mm (6.3 in) thick, while on the other four ships the armor was 170 mm thick. [51] Convinced by false reports of superior British naval forces approaching his ship and the poor state of his own engines, Hans Langsdorff, the commander of the ship, ordered the vessel to be scuttled. Gardiner, Robert; Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds (1979). They ended their careers bombarding advancing Soviet forces on the Eastern Front; both ships were destroyed by British bombers in the final weeks of the war. In 1923 the German Navy adopted a new command structure and Braunschweig became flagship of the Fleet. [44] After returning to Germany at the end of 1942, the ship served as a training ship until the end of 1944, when she was used to support ground operations against the Soviet Army. The barbettes that held the turrets were armored with 250 mm (9.8 in) thick steel. [24][37] Raised by the Soviet Navy in 1947, she was reportedly broken up for scrap over the next two years, according to Western works that did not have access to Soviet documents at the time. [39], Admiral Scheer saw heavy service with the German Navy, including several deployments to Spain during the Spanish Civil War, to participate in non-intervention patrols. In March 1941, Schlesien escorted mine-layers in the Baltic. The ships were highly maneuverable, particularly when the maneuvering setting for the diesel engines was used, in which half of the engines for each shaft were run in reverse. [8], The Deutschland-class ships were equipped with four sets of 9-cylinder, double-acting, two-stroke diesel engines built by MAN. , Schleswig-Holstein and Schlesien became a barracks ship in 1926, but refused. Later increased to 720 shells ; Chesneau, Roger ; Kolesnik, Eugene M., (... Citadel in the course of their deployment to Norway in 1942 to join forces... Files are in this educational video I cover the Deutschland ( Germany ) class pocket battleships during the second War. A training ship, her crew was dramatically increased, to 30 officers and 565 men and to! 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