where is new spain

The territories that became part of the Spanish empire were called New Spain. Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. Nov 26 2020, 9:30 AM Nov 26 2020, 6:14 PM November 26 2020, 9:30 AM November 26 2020, 6:14 PM Although never fully settled or controlled by Spain, this area included the entire modern nation of Mexico, and Central America north of what is now Panama. The territory included a fort on Vancouver Island, the present-day Southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America (except Panama), the Caribbean, the Philippines, Guam and the Mariana Islands, and most of Micronesia. "Cycles of Silver: Global Economic Unity through the Mid-Eighteenth Century." Over the course of the colonial period, New Spanish elites brought in some 200,000 African slaves to supplement an indigenous labor force that had been drastically reduced through diseases like smallpox and yellow fever. U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. At its height New Spain included what are today the southwestern United States, all of Mexico, Central America to the Isthmus of Panama, Florida, much of the West Indies (islands in the Caribbean), as well as the Philippines in the Pacific Ocean. During the colonial era, from 1492 to 1821, Spain sent explorers, conquerors, and settlers to the New World. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/new-spain. Published: August 05, 2020 14:34 Reuters. Der Herrschaftsanspruch auf das 1789 spärlich kolonialisierte Nootka-Territorium wurde ber… Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History, Spain, Relations with In order to fund the formation of these new militias and pay for imperial expenses in Europe, the Bourbons intensified tax collection efforts. A very limited number of regular troops, a couple of companies, were enough to keep the peace. SPAIN, RELATIONS WITH. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. He sailed west in 1492 and six months later landed on islands in the Caribbean Sea. The leaders of the Spanish forces of occupation sometimes installed themselves in almost feudal splendor based on the encomienda system of tribute (in precious metal) levied on the local villages. U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Only in the late eighteenth century did this structure of trade change. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Bakewell, Peter J. Imperialism;Laborers, Aztec and Inca;Laborers, Coerced;Lisbon;Magellan, Ferdinand;Mercantilism;Mexico;New Orleans;Piracy, Privateers;Seville;Slavery and the African Slave Trade;Smuggling;Sugar, Molasses, and Rum;Tobacco;Venezuela;West India Company, Dutch. In 1501, Amerigo Vespucci (1454–1512), for whom the Americas … Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1971. The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Spanish: Virreinato de Nueva España), was the political unit of Spanish territories in North America and Asia-Pacific. The Olive Press is the English language newspaper for Spain. Spain: New virus cases down, outbreaks at schools up Anadolu Agency 20:08 27-Nov-20. Empire, Spanish; Rodríguez O., Jaime E., ed. 1808 The lack of a king in French -occupied Spain creates instability in New Spain, and at the end of a turbulent year, the viceroy is deposed. TRANSPORTATION Burkholder, Mark A., and Lyman L. Johnson. By the 1570s, the Spanish had established roughly 200 cities and towns in the New World. A second foreign commercial connection occurred when foreign merchants gained legal access to New Spain's wealth in commodities such as silver and cochineal. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Consequently, within the Spanish mercantilist system a small group of wealthy merchants gained considerable influence over commercial policy and the export economy in New Spain. A subtle castelike system developed, with peninsulares (natives of Spain) at the top of the social hierarchy. On paper, the Spanish government in Mexico City ruled over all the remote areas of New Spain. With no official confirmation of Juan Carlos’ whereabouts, speculation remains rife . Early European conquistadors and settlers established the encomienda system, in which individual Spaniards received the right to collect labor or tribute or both from specific indio communities. Peter Gerhard, A Guide to the Historical Geography of New Spain (1972). INTRODUCTION Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. The Spanish were the first European to establish large settlements in the Americas. Mexico City was the largest city in the Americas. MacLeod, Murdo J. Spanish Central America: A Socioeconomic History, 1570–1720. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993. Unmut macht sich breit. These territories were home to numerous indigenous peoples who often resisted evangelization and "pacification" efforts, and forced labor systems like the encomienda and repartimiento were never successfully introduced there. Academics have therefore studied how the government directed public rituals to symbolically establish the authority of the viceroy and the Spanish colonial state. The Military of New Spain played an insignificant role during the 17th century. Spain has said outbreaks of new Covid-19 cases are isolated and under control after the UK abruptly ordered people coming from the country to quarantine. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Antonio de Mendoza was appointed its viceroy in 1530 but did not actually occupy the position until 1535. Colonial Latin America. This traumatic de-population produced mortality rates as high as 90 percent. The defense against external enemies was based on a limited number of fortified port cities. Criollos also owned mines and haciendas (plantations or large estates). . HISTO…, LOCATION: Spain This was only one million fewer than the population of the United States. These Bourbon Reforms included the curtailment of ecclesiastical power, reapportionment of colonial territory, restructuring of colonial military forces, and new efforts to increase royal revenues. His attempt failed from lack of support and betrayal by a co-conspirator, General James Wilkinson, but other filibustering expeditions soon followed. Columbus mistakenly concluded he had reached the Indies and brought news of his new route back to Spain. It was far too vast a domain to be held militarily, and it produced no golden cities. Encyclopedia.com. Moreover, the flota had a limited time in port before it had to return to Spain. ed. "New Spain, Viceroyalty of . Temporally, it defines that territory only during the Spanish colonial era, which in New Spain lasted from 1521, when Hernán Cortes (1485–1547) defeated the Aztecs, until 1821, when Agustín de Iturbide (1783–1824) declared Mexico independent from Spain. Spain's North American holdings, particularly the Floridas, seemed to lack enough troops and loyal subjects to repel independent, privately led American invasions, or filibusters. Ethnic Groups, Africans; The viceroyalty of New Spain included all of the territory claimed by Spain in North America and the Caribbean from the conquest of the Aztec Empire…, Spain, Relations with Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. SEE ALSO Barcelona; Encyclopedia.com. History of World Trade Since 1450. . Aktuelle News, Bilder und Videos zum Thema Spanien auf news.de im Überblick. Encyclopedia.com. (October 16, 2020). While the majority of the enslaved African population in New Spain remained located near the Caribbean and Pacific coasts, individual Africans of both free and enslaved status spread throughout the viceroyalty, establishing themselves in larger cities and municipalities, serving in militias, settling among indigenous communities, and participating in the silver mining booms. "New Spain LANGUAGES New Spain AD 1535 - 1821. The treaty surrendered American claims to Texas but arranged for the United States to acquire Florida in 1821. INTRODUCTION To achieve this goal, the Spanish Crown instituted a number of practices intended to restrict trade (and particularly bullion) flows between Spain and its colony. ." 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