types of thinking pdf

We watch an ant make his laborious way across a wind- and wave-molded beach. You tend to perceive everything at the extremes, with very little room for a middle ground. and white thinking’ If I’m not perfect I have failed Either I do it right or not at all Only paying attention to certain types of evidence. Convergent Analytical Thinking. In the 1950s, Benjamin Bloom developed a classification of thinking skills that is still helpful today; it is known as Bloom’s taxonomy A classification of thinking skills developed by Benjamin Bloom. The 4 types of thinking skills are: 1. Critical thinking involves convergent thinking; thinking that converges on a single point. This article explores what it is we call thinking and the role of thinking in therapy. Things are black or white, good or bad. So what are the various types of thinking skills, and what kind things are we doing when we apply them? Anthony Gregorc, professor of curriculum and instruction at the University of Connecticut, has divided these into four separate groups:14 * Concrete sequential. Polarized Thinking: The hallmark of this distortion is an insistence on dichotomous choices. For example if you want to score good marks in * Concrete random. After nine months of weekly psychot herapy, out of the blue a man I had been The thinking frames for eight critical thinking skills are outlined in … Continuum thinking –“The Dial” 2-Overgeneralization Thinking “always / never” Expands a specific problem to an everlasting issue. Creative thinking is a rare skill and is needed in all types of work. Self-hypnosis downloads: Build thinking skills » Improve your critical thinking » In the case of solving any type of problem our thinking becomes directed and focused and we try to use all the resources, both internal (mind) and external (support and help of others) to arrive at the right and appropriate decision. and white thinking’ If I’m not perfect I have failed Either I do it right or not at all Only paying attention to certain types of evidence. First, students rated as high in Type I thinking styles tend to take a deep approach to learning, whereas students rated high in Type II thinking styles tend to take a surface approach (Zhang, 2000b; Zhang & Sternberg, 2000). Four Types Of Thinking Style Not only do we have preferred learning styles; we also have favourite thinking styles. This thinking skill does not require significant creativity or lateral thinking strategies. Creative thinking is the ability to look at problems and situations from a different perspective and find unusual and often surprising solutions. Thus he makes his weaving, halting way back to his home. Convergent thinking is the process of coming up with the best answer to a question using our memory, resources around us, or logic. He moves ahead, angles to the right to ease his climb up a steep dunelet, detours around a pebble, stops for a moment to exchange information with a compa- triot. Thinking Error: Description: Impact: Replacement: 1-All or Nothing Thinking Black-or-white thinking Promotes discouragement/anger – no middle ground. PDF | The author investigated the relationship of thinking styles to modes of thinking. The greatest danger in polarized thinking is its impact on how you judge yourself. Second, fac-tor analysis of the thinking styles defined in … It involves the following types of cognitive processes: organizing, analyzing, evaluating, or using given information to come to a specific conclusion. Stay specific, focused on the “now” OF THINKING Embedding Artifice in Nature ! * Abstract sequential. * Abstract random. 2. The 4 Types of Thinking Skills.

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